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en:installation

How to Get and Install Slint

This page walks though the process of downloading Slint, verifying the ISO image with a checksum, writing the ISO to an installation medium, partitioning your hard disk, and briefly describes the installation process.

Download and Verify a Slint ISO image

Slint can be installed on 32-bit and 64-bit architectures. You can find the Slint 14.2 ISO and checksum file for 32-bit here and for 64-bit here.

Once you have downloaded Slint, you need to verify the integrity of the ISO. You can do so by opening a terminal, switching to the directory where your installation image resides, and run the md5sum command.

For 32-bit run:

md5sum -c slint-14.2.iso.md5

For 64-bit run:

md5sum -c slint64-14.2.iso.md5

Example output:

$ md5sum -c slint64-14.2.iso.md5
slint64-14.2.iso: OK

Once you have verified the installation image, it is time to burn it to an installation medium.

Write the ISO image an Installation Medium

This is a brief description of the process of creating a Slint installation medium on a DVD or USB stick.

Make a Bootable USB Stick

On a Linux system, plug in the USB stick, and check it's name with the following command:

lsblk -o model,name,size,fstype,mountpoint
You will need an USB stick of at least 4 Gigabytes or more.

Example output:

MODEL            NAME                 SIZE FSTYPE      MOUNTPOINT
DT 100 G2        sdb                 29.1G             
DVDRAM GTB0N     sr0                 1024M             
WDC WD5000LPLX-0 sda                465.8G             
                 |-sda2             465.7G crypto_LUKS 
                 | `-lukssda2       465.7G LVM2_member 
                 |   |-cryptvg-root    40G ext4        /
                 |   |-cryptvg-swap    16G swap        [SWAP]
                 |   `-cryptvg-home 409.7G ext4        /home
                 `-sda1               100M ext4        /boot
Carefully review the commands to make sure that you did not type the name of a hard disk partition instead of the name of your USB stick. All previous content of the USB stick or a mistaken hard disk partition will be LOST and IRRECOVERABLE.

On this system /dev/sdb is the name of the USB stick. Your USB stick may be named /dev/sdc or some other name. The command syntax to write the Slint ISO to a USB stick that resides at /dev/sdb is as follows:

dd if=slint64-14.2.iso of=/dev/sdb bs=1M
The above command assumes if= points to the path of the Slint ISO and of= points to the name of the USB stick. These values may differ on your system.

On Windows use an application like Rufus. It is free and open source.

Make a Bootable DVD Disc

On a Linux system insert the DVD and type the following command:

For 32-bit:

growisofs -speed=2 -dvd-compat -Z /dev/sr0=slint-14.2.iso

For 64-bit:

growisofs -speed=2 -dvd-compat -Z /dev/sr0=slint64-14.2.iso

Be sure to enter the full path to the Slint ISO on your filesystem.

On a Microsoft Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7 system you can write to a DVD using the application InfraRecorder. It is free and open source.

On a Microsoft Windows 7/8/10 system you can use the Windows Disk Image Burner utility that is shipped with Microsoft Windows.

Make Room for Slint

Slint requires a minimum of 10 Gigabytes of free space on your hard disk or solid state drive. If you plan to install additional software you will need more space, not counting your personal files. The size you need to allocate for your files widely depends on what you plan to store.

You will need at least one hard drive partition, of type Linux. If you plan to boot in EFI mode you will need one small EFI partition as well.

You can directly create the partitions if you plan to install Slint on a machine without an Operating System. This is described below.

Slint Alongside an Existing System

You can install Slint alongside other Operating Systems, like Windows, Mac OS, *BSD, or another Linux distribution as a multi-boot installation. To do so you will need to first make some room on your hard disk so you can install Slint.

You can do this two ways:

  • Using a tool provided in your system, like disk management. For Windows, click the Start menu, click Run, and type in the prompt diskmgmt.msc, then hit Enter.
  • On a Linux system you can use gparted, Cfdisk, or fdisk.

Slint on a Dedicated Machine

In this case you can go directly to the next step: create partitions for Slint.

Create Partitions for Slint

You can create partitions for Slint either before or during installation. If you are not accustomed to Linux you will probably find easier to do so before installation.

In all cases you will need to create:

  1. On machines booting in EFI mode
    • One small partition of type EFI
    • With a size of at least 100M
    • If there already is an EFI partition, it is probably used to boot another operating system
  2. Optionally a partition of type swap
    • At least the same size as your total RAM
    • A swap partition is useful if you do not have much RAM (less that 4 Gigabytes)
    • Make this partition double your RAM if you want to use hibernate mode
  3. A partition of type Linux
    • With as much space of possible
    • Make it at least 50 Gigabytes
Slint itself needs around 10 Gigabytes of space, but a partition size of 50 Gigabytes is recommended. You might want to install additional software or need more space to store your files. The more space the better if you plan to store pictures, videos, or music.
Additional partitions (of type Linux) may be needed for /usr, /var, /tmp depending on your setup and the level of control you wish to implement on your Slint System. Generally a root partition and a swap partition are all that is necessary for a personal computer.

Create Partitions Before Installation

To do so you can use gparted. Gparted can shrink existing partitions to make room, as well as create new partitions in the freed space. If you do not have a system that supports Gparted (Microsoft Windows) you can boot up the Gparted Live CD instead.

Create Partitions During Installation

To create partitions during installation you can type the command cfdisk when it is suggested by the Slint installer.

Installation

  • Insert the installation media (DVD or USB stick) and reboot your machine.
  • A Braille display or terminal screen reader can be used by blind users to install and then pilot the system. Read the instructions for use.
  • You will first be asked to choose the language you want to use during installation. Select it with the up and down arrow keys and then hit [Enter] to begin the installation.
  • Pick the language you know best if your native language is not listed.

Please read the The illustrated installation process if you require detailed instructions. These instructions include screen shots.

en/installation.txt ยท Last modified: 2017/05/29 03:31 by bearl