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en:installation

How to Get and Install Slint

This page walks through the process of downloading Slint, verifying the ISO image with a checksum, writing the ISO to an installation medium, partitioning your hard disk, and briefly describes the installation process.

Download and verify a Slint ISO image

You can find the Slint64-14.2.1 ISO (most recent version) on this page at sourceforge.

You can also download the file directly with this command:

wget https://sourceforge.net/projects/slint/files/14.2.1/slint64-14.2.1.1.iso

To verify the integrity of the downloaded image on Linux type in a terminal one of these commands and check that the result be exactly as below, else redo the download:

md5sum slint64-14.2.1.1.iso
d3a41c3c0768a757a47e678a1fc94906  slint64-14.2.1.1.iso
sha1sum slint64-14.2.1.1.iso
f481ff796cab1567d13c1f40ea42aaf61bf1917f  slint64-14.2.1.1.iso

Write the ISO image on an Installation Medium

This is a brief description of the process of creating a Slint installation medium on a DVD or USB stick.

Make a Bootable USB Stick

On a Linux system, plug in the USB stick, and check it's name with the following command:

lsblk -o model,name,size,fstype,mountpoint
Carefully review the commands to make sure that you did not type the name of a hard disk partition instead of the name of your USB stick. All previous content of the USB stick or a mistaken hard disk partition will be LOST and IRRECOVERABLE.

Let's assume that the name of the USB stick be /dev/sdb/. It could be named otherwise, so don't copy blindly the following comand. The command syntax to write the Slint ISO to a USB stick that resides at /dev/sdb is as follows:

dd if=slint64-14.2.1.iso of=/dev/sdb bs=1M status=progress && sync
The above command assumes if= points to the path of the Slint ISO and of= points to the name of the USB stick. These values may differ on your system.

On Windows use an application like Rufus. It is free and open source.

Make a Bootable DVD Disc

On a Linux system insert the DVD and type the following command:

growisofs -speed=2 -dvd-compat -Z /dev/sr0=slint64-14.2.1.iso

Be sure to enter the full path to the Slint ISO on your filesystem.

On a Microsoft Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7 system you can write to a DVD using the application InfraRecorder. It is free and open source.

On a Microsoft Windows 7/8/10 system you can use the Windows Disk Image Burner utility that is shipped with Microsoft Windows.

Make Room for Slint

Slint requires a minimum of 11 Gigabytes of free space on your hard disk or solid state drive. If you plan to install additional software you will need more space, not counting your personal files. The size you need to allocate for your files widely depends on what you plan to store.

You will need at least one hard drive partition, of type Linux. If you plan to boot in EFI mode you will need one small EFI partition as well.

You can directly create the partitions if you plan to install Slint on a machine without an Operating System. This is described below.

Slint Alongside an Existing System

You can install Slint alongside other Operating Systems, like Windows, Mac OS, *BSD, or another Linux distribution as a multi-boot installation. To do so you will need to first make some room on your hard disk so you can install Slint.

You can do this two ways:

  • Using a tool provided in your system, like disk management. For Windows, click the Start menu, click Run, and type in the prompt diskmgmt.msc, then hit Enter.
  • On a Linux system you can use gparted, Cfdisk, or fdisk.

Slint on a Dedicated Machine

In this case you can go directly to the next step: create partitions for Slint.

Create Partitions for Slint

You can create partitions for Slint either before or during installation. If you are not accustomed to Linux you will probably find easier to do so before installation.

In all cases you will need to create:

  1. On machines booting in EFI mode
    • One small partition of type EFI
    • With a size of at least 100M
    • If there already is an EFI partition, it is probably used to boot another operating system
  2. Optionally a partition of type swap
    • At least the same size as your total RAM
    • A swap partition is useful if you do not have much RAM (less that 4 Gigabytes)
    • Make this partition double your RAM if you want to use hibernate mode
  3. A partition of type Linux
    • With as much space of possible
    • Make it at least 50 Gigabytes
Slint itself needs around 11 Gigabytes of space, but a partition size of 50 Gigabytes is recommended. You might want to install additional software or need more space to store your files. The more space the better if you plan to store pictures, videos, or music.
Additional partitions (of type Linux) may be needed for /usr, /var, /tmp depending on your setup and the level of control you wish to implement on your Slint System. Generally a root partition and a swap partition are all that is necessary for a personal computer.

Create Partitions Before Installation

To do so you can use gparted. Gparted can shrink existing partitions to make room, as well as create new partitions in the freed space. If you do not have a system that supports Gparted (Microsoft Windows) you can boot up the Gparted Live CD instead.

Create Partitions During Installation

To create partitions during installation you can type the command cfdisk when it is suggested by the Slint installer.

Installation

  • Insert the installation media (DVD or USB stick) and reboot your machine.
  • If need be read the instructions to install (and then use) Slint with a Braille device or speech in the Slint Accessibility How-To.
  • You will first be asked to choose the language you want to use during installation. Select it with the up and down arrow keys and then hit [Enter] to begin the installation.
  • Pick the language you know best if your native language is not listed.

Please read the The illustrated installation process if you need detailed instructions. These instructions include screen shots.

en/installation.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/05 01:07 by didier